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4._Nixon_foreign - Richard M Nixon A Election of 1968 For...

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3/19/09 1 Richard M. Nixon A. Election of 1968 For the Democrats, there were 3 candidates who wanted the Democratic nomination for November LBJ had announced he would not run for re-election The Democrats Eugene McCarthy – Antiwar – Congressman Hubert Humphrey – Johnson’s VP Robert Kennedy – JFK’s younger brother – Former Attny General – Senator – Antiwar – Democratic frontrunner RFK had really reached out to minorities in America throughout the 1960’s He opposed the war RFK won all the primary races except Oregon June 5, 1968 he won the last key primary race in California
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3/19/09 2 After giving a victory speech at the Ambassador Hotel in LA, RFK was assassinated in the Hotel kitchen Sirhan-Sirhan, the assassin, was a Palestinian who was angry with the US for its support of Israel in the 6-day War At this point with only 5 months before the election in November, the Democrats do not have a candidate… the party will have to pick their candidate at the August Democratic convention in Chicago 3. 1968 Democratic National Convention August 1968 - Chicago Delegates to the convention debated over who to put on the November ballot Who would they support? McCarthy or Humphrey?
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3/19/09 3 In addition to the turmoil inside the convention hall, mobs of antiwar demonstrators flooded into Chicago Mayor Richard J. Daley didn’t want to see demonstrations, violence and riots so he – Had a 17 ft. chain-link fence put up around the convention hall – Imposed a curfew in the city (11:00 p.m.) – Had manholes around the convention hall were sealed – The National Guard, Chicago Police, FBI & Secret Service all put on alert – Had protestors cleared out of Lincoln Park with tear gas and clubs every night The climax of the convention came when protestors marched down Lake Shore Drive to the convention hall regardless of orders not to by city hall The authority beat them and sprayed the protestors with tear gas National TV caught this all on tape for 18 LONG minutes – Hundred were injured & Chicago looked terrible
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3/19/09 4 Inside the convention, Humphrey was given the Democratic nomination but the party was driven apart due to the chaos Republican Party Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew took the Republican nomination Third Party American Independent Party Alabama Gov. George Wallace ran as an independent He was a segregationist/anti- integrationist Race was definitely being exploited as a national political issue
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3/19/09 5 4.The November Election The disillusionment in the nation towards the Democratic party (where they themselves were split over issues like the Vietnam War) and the Vietnam war helped Nixon win the 1968 election Nixon won the election (it was close in popular vote but not electoral vote) but the Democrats won both houses of Congress B. Foreign Affairs 1. Vietnam (continues) a. Vietnamization
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