4._Nixon_foreign

4._Nixon_foreign - 3/19/09 Richard M. Nixon A. Election of...

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3/19/09 1 Richard M. Nixon A. Election of 1968 • For the Democrats, there were 3 candidates who wanted the Democratic nomination for November • LBJ had announced he would not run for re-election The Democrats • Eugene McCarthy – Antiwar – Congressman • Hubert Humphrey – Johnson’s VP • Robert Kennedy – JFK’s younger brother – Former Attny General – Senator – Antiwar – Democratic frontrunner • RFK had really reached out to minorities in America throughout the 1960’s • He opposed the war • RFK won all the primary races except Oregon • June 5, 1968 he won the last key primary race in California
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3/19/09 2 • After giving a victory speech at the Ambassador Hotel in LA, RFK was assassinated in the Hotel kitchen • Sirhan-Sirhan, the assassin, was a Palestinian who was angry with the US for its support of Israel in the 6-day War • At this point with only 5 months before the election in November, the Democrats do not have a candidate… the party will have to pick their candidate at the August Democratic convention in Chicago 3. 1968 Democratic National Convention • August 1968 - Chicago • Delegates to the convention debated over who to put on the November ballot • Who would they support? McCarthy or Humphrey?
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3/19/09 3 • In addition to the turmoil inside the convention hall, mobs of antiwar demonstrators flooded into Chicago • Mayor Richard J. Daley didn’t want to see demonstrations, violence and riots so he – Had a 17 ft. chain-link fence put up around the convention hall – Imposed a curfew in the city (11:00 p.m.) – Had manholes around the convention hall were sealed – The National Guard, Chicago Police, FBI & Secret Service all put on alert – Had protestors cleared out of Lincoln Park with tear gas and clubs every night • The climax of the convention came when protestors marched down Lake Shore Drive to the convention hall regardless of orders not to by city hall • The authority beat them and sprayed the protestors with tear gas • National TV caught this all on tape for 18 LONG minutes – Hundred were injured & Chicago looked terrible
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3/19/09 4 • Inside the convention, Humphrey was given the Democratic nomination but the party was driven apart due to the chaos Republican Party • Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew took the Republican nomination Third Party American Independent Party • Alabama Gov. George Wallace ran as an independent • He was a segregationist/anti- integrationist • Race was definitely being exploited as a national political issue
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3/19/09 5 4.The November Election • The disillusionment in the nation towards the Democratic party (where they themselves were split over issues like the Vietnam War) and the Vietnam war helped Nixon win the 1968 election • Nixon won the election (it was close in popular vote but not electoral vote) but the Democrats won both houses of Congress B. Foreign Affairs 1. Vietnam (continues) a. Vietnamization
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This note was uploaded on 04/25/2010 for the course HIST 2882 taught by Professor Stark during the Spring '10 term at Oregon Tech.

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4._Nixon_foreign - 3/19/09 Richard M. Nixon A. Election of...

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