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Chp 3 notes_Niels bk - Chp3NotesNielsbook,BritMuseum...

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Chp 3 Notes- Niels book, Brit Museum Chronology: Bronze Age    (3000-1200 BCE) Late Bronze Age   (1400-1200 BCE) Emergence of Modern Greece: Early IRON Age :   (1200-800 BCE) Sub-Mediterranean Age (1100-1050 BCE) Pro-Geometric Age  Middle-Geometric Age Late Geometric Age (LG)  Archaic /Dark Age (700-480 BCE) Classical  Trade  Lefkandi Buildings resemble early Greek temples “Toumba” - Lavish, warrior-style burials- like Homer’s “heroic” burials o Warrior Kit found: sword, spear, razor His tomb reminiscent of  Iliad  by Homer’s heroic burials-w/ elaborate honorary items o 4 horses o Female buries w/ gold jewelry, gold bra! o Foreign imports Bronze vessel containing cremation remains   imported from Cyprus Colonies  Eastern colonies: west coast of Turkey (1000 BCE)
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Western “ “ : Naxos   in Sicily  (735- dated by Thucydides)  Greeks established colonies b/c of need for trade and obtaining unused land (2 nd , 3 rd  sons problem)  o Established emporium – like council in Italy to obtain metal ores from Estruscans in North Middle Eastern contact influence Greek art o Near East fertility diety Astarte seen in a nude Greek figurine (c. 700 BCE) 
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