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Unformatted text preview: Midterm Review Classics 10, S09, Professor Andrew Koh, TA Mac Marston Ch 1 Attic (adj): from Athens or Athenian region Bronze Age : 3000-1200 BC- period where early pre-Greek civ like Minoans and Myceaneans lived Dark Age : 1200 (fall of Myceneans)- 700s (8 th cent) Greeks reinvented themselves, time of decline for Greek culture, arts & lit. But cities like Lefkandhi had advancements in this cultural depression war & chaos Polis (pl= poleis): small city-states in which Greeks identified themselves with. In 8 th c, as populations grew, Greeks formed overseas colonies or poleis (mainly 2 nd , 3 rd ect sons). Greeks saw city-states as community of free male- citizens. Did not believe that gods or divinity gave their aristoi/elite the right to rule. Greek Problem : fundamental conflict in which the Greeks did not believe Gods or divine power gave tyrants/the elite power to rule, nor could Gods guide humans on how to act. We should only follow human reason/Truth can only be revealed by human reason- the Greek problem was unique to Greece b/c of the way they thought of their rulers & the relationship btwn mortals & divinity led to demokratia = power of the people male citizens voted on major issues Archaic Period = 7 th & 6 th c. (700-480 BC) chaotic time for Greeks- 3 tyrants rose to power during this period Solon (629-559) built meritocracy but failed after his death his kingdom did not hold together past his lifetime Classes o Labormen o Yeomen o Knights o Elites 3 Factions after Solons Meritocracy 1. Plains most powerful b/c controlled fertile lands highest populatoin 2. Shore 2 nd largest, but FAR 2 nd 3. Hill- collaborated w/ Shores Pesistratus (528 BC ) tried to take Athens 3 Xs succeeded 3 rd time for ~ 20 yrs- used tyranny to build democracy- from Hill faction Pesistratuss reforms include: Panathenaea b/cm cultural identity of Athens, not factions Rural Magistrats- idea of democracy to commoners- spread out power Building Projects- Acropolis, sewers Low interest loans allow people from lower social class to b/cm established- social mobility 10% export tax: increased Athens wealth even more Silver mines Pesistratos had soft spot for silver b/c thats what made him rich Panathenaic Festival Athenian cultural identity later Grand Panathenaea Foreign Affairs Kleisthenes (late 6 th c early 7 th c)- Reforms Athenian democracy and reorganizes people into 10 tribes, mixed up 3 factions Prevent revolt, dilute aristocracy...
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