Disc 5 Wk 6_Bioethics for beginners

Disc 5 Wk 6_Bioethics for beginners - BIOETHICS FOR...

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BIOETHICS FOR BEGINNERS Reproductive Medicine Issues over rights to control their body, in-vitro fertilization, preimplantation genetic diagnosis. by Arthur L. Caplan, Glenn McGee Many new questions of medical ethics have occurred as a result of developments in reproductive medicine. Most of the issues concern the rights of humans to control both their bodies and the embryos that can be created from their sex cells. In the 1960s the development of the birth-control pill raised ethical issues, especially for people whose religions forbade the use of artificial birth control. In 1973 the Supreme Court of the United States legalized abortion with its landmark Roe v. Wade decision. Controversy surrounding the ruling, including discussion of the origins and meaning of personhood, the rights of the fetus and pregnant women, and the role the state should play in reproductive decisions, have kept abortion a volatile political and ethical issue into the 1990s. In the 1980s French researchers developed RU- 486, a drug that can induce abortion without invasive procedures. RU-486 has contributed to the heated debate about the morality of abortion and is still awaiting approval from the Food and Drug Administration in the United States. Infertility is also an important area of medical ethics. Many couples who are unable to have children
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Disc 5 Wk 6_Bioethics for beginners - BIOETHICS FOR...

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