Fall09_Week6-summary - The Function of Music and Music in...

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The Function of Music and Music in the Portuguese and Spanish Americas from the 16th to the early 19th centuries MUS 302L Week 6
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Timeline 2009 1400 1600 1720 1800 1900 800 Middle Ages Renaissance 2nd Practice Madrigals Baroque 1600 1720 Caccini: New Music, Euridice “Court Theater” 1607 Monteverdi : L’Orfeo Strozzi Monteverdi : Poppea 1642 “Entrepreneurial Theater” Cavalli G. Gabrieli in Venice Schütz in Dresden Handel’s Messiah & other oratorios (1740s) Handel , Rodelinda J.S. Bach
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J.S. Bach’s Career Early years (~1700-1717) O rganist for Lutheran establishments Composed mostly keyboard chorales, some cantatas (why?) Cöthen (1717-1723) Music Director for Calvinist prince Composed mostly secular works (why?) concertos, sonatas, orchestral dance suites. .. Leipzig (1723-1750) Supervisor of sacred music for Lutheran city Composed cantatas, other sacred works; began publishing his keyboard music (why?) fugues, preludes, keyboard dance suites. ..
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Sacred Cantata From what sources is the musical and textual material of a Lutheran sacred cantata derived? What are the musical characteristics of its sections? What is its function in the context of Lutheran worship?
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Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) Nun komm, der heiden Heiland BWV 62 (Leipzig, December 3, 1724) Luther’s original chorale text, stanza 1: Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland, Der Jungfrauen Kind erkannt, Dass sich wunder alle Welt, Gott solch’ Geburt ihm bestellt. Savior of the nations, come; Virgin's Son, here make Thy home! Marvel now, O heaven and earth, That the Lord chose such a birth. How do the musical and textual characteristics of each of these sections work to convey different aspects of the spiritual message of the day?
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Instrumental Music When and why does instrumental music become prominent in the Western tradition? What purpose does it serve? How does it create “musical meaning”?
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Fugue Subject Retrograde Augmentation Diminution Exposition Episode No Subject Entries
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Concerto Concerto : instrumental composition for one or more soloists and orchestra Usually in three sections = movements , usually fast- slow-fast, each with a separate self-contained structure = form First movement of a baroque-era concerto usually follows a refrain-based structure called Ritornello form: Ritornello Orchestra Episode Soloist(s) Ritornello Episode Ritornello etc
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This note was uploaded on 04/26/2010 for the course MUSC 1300 taught by Professor Malone during the Spring '10 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Fall09_Week6-summary - The Function of Music and Music in...

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