Aliya's final english paper2

Aliya's final english paper2 - Aliya Teregul March 15, 2010...

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Aliya Teregul March 15, 2010 English 105 Word Count: 1,600 The Theory of Knowledge Plato and Aristotle How do we know the things we know? Why do we think the way we think? How do we decide if something is logical or illogical? If we look back in history we have two powerful philosophical minds that created our foundation and began our journey for the pursuit of wisdom. They go by the names Aristotle and Plato. Aristotle was a pupil of Plato but they had very different points of views on many ideas. Here are some of their ideas and a few examples of how they have been proven true or false over time. Plato defines the ideal government to be one that is set up and run by a philosopher king. Who has a completely just soul and would be able to organize and run a government that was also completely just. Aristotle also believes that if it were possible a monarchy run by the perfect ruler would be ideal. But Aristotle doesn’t believe that a perfect person exists. On page 81 of The Politics Aristotle it states “if” such a perfectly just person did exist he would be a “God among men”, and there are no gods among men. Plato assumes that since he can imagine such a man, it must be possible for such a man to exist. Plato uses the analogy of a cave to illustrate his theory. In book VII of the Republic Plato it describes a cave where people are chained up and can only see shadows cast on a wall. He compares the shadows to the things that people see in the world around them and he compares the chains to norms, customs, traditions, and habits, etc. Plato believes that because people are so preoccupied with the materialistic reality that they base their lives on, they ignore the real truth. So, it makes sense that Plato wouldn’t discount the possibility of a perfect king just because he has never seen one, because it could be the
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“shadows” fooling him into believing that no such man exists. Aristotle, on the other hand, bases his beliefs on what he can see, and what has been proven. He has never seen a man that is purely just, and he can see no example of such a man in history, so he discounts the possibility of the existence. In order to decide which theory is better here is an example that has been
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Aliya's final english paper2 - Aliya Teregul March 15, 2010...

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