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Psych Notes 6

Psych Notes 6 - Learning Learning relatively permanent...

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Learning: Learning- relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to experience. Learning thus is flexible based on the types of experience on has How do we learn? Association- our minds connect events that occur in sequence Stimulus-stimulus learning- learning to associate one stimulus with another Response-Consequence- learning to associate a response with a consequence Classical Conditioning- ideas of classical conditioning originate from old philosophical theories, however it was a Russian physiologist Ian Pavlov who elucidated classical conditioning. His work became seminal for later behaviorists like John Watson and BF Skinner Pavlov's experiments- Before conditioning, food (Unconditioned Stimulus, US) produces salivation (Unconditioned Response, UR). The tone (neutral stimulus) does not. During conditioning, neutral stimulus (tone) and US (food) are paired resulting in salivation (UR). After conditioning neutral stimulus (now Conditioned Stimulus, CS) elicits salivation (now Conditioned Response, CR) Unconditioned Response (UR)- event that occurs naturally in response to some stimulus Unconditioned Stimulus (US)-something that naturally and automatically triggers the unlearned response Conditioned Stimulus (CS)- an originally neutral stimulus that, through learning, comes to be associated with some learned response Conditioned Response (CR)- the learned response to the originally neutral but now conditioned stimulus Acquisition- The initial stage in classical conditioning during which association between a neutral stimulus and a US takes place. 1.Neutral stimulus needs to come before the US for conditioning to occur (most cases).
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2. The time between the two stimuli should be about half a second. The CS needs half a second before the US to cause acquisition
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Psych Notes 6 - Learning Learning relatively permanent...

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