Exam 1 Material - E xam 1 Material 1) Sysstemic Method-...

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Exam 1 Material 1) Sysstemic Method- emphasize on the purpose of various organs within the system 2) Regional Method- examines all the organs and structures in the same region a) Gross Anatomy- visibly see b) Surface Anatomy- can feel c) Microscopic Anatomy- aka histology cannot see 3) Body Organization a) Atoms Cells Tissues Organs Organisms 4) Body Systems a) Integumentary system- i) Out body covering ii) Protect/pain pressure receptors iii) Ex skin b) Skeletal System i) Framework of the body as well as movement ii) Support/protect iii) Ex bones c) Muscular system i) Movement ii) Locomotion, temperature, buffering, heat and pumping blood iii) Ex muscles d) Nervous system
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i) Communication between the brain and nerves ii) Ex brain e) Endocrine system i) Production and release of hormones ii) Growth, metabolism, and reproduction f) Cardiovascular system- i) Heart and blood vessels ii) Ex arteries g) Lymphatic system i) Homes of white blood cells ii) Immunity and protecting body from pathogens h) Respiratory system i) Houses the lungs ii) Gas exchange iii) Ex lungs i) Digestive system i) Breaking down food into substances (glycogen and glucose) j) Urinary system i) Water and electrolyte balance/acid base balance k) Female/male reproductive system i) Produce offspring 5) Planes of reference a) Sagittal plane
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i) Left and right ii) Flexions and extensions iii) Running, jumping b) Frontal plane i) Front and back ii) Abduction/adduction iii) Jumping jacks c) Transverse Plane i) Rotational ii) Upper and lower d) Oblique plane i) Divided at an angle 6) 9 Body Regions a) Right hypochondriac region i) Liver and gallbladder b) Epigastric region i) Above and to the left of the stomach c) Left hypochondriac region i) Includes spleen d) Umbilical region i) Small intestines, pancreas, and transerve colon of large intestines e) Left lumbar region i) Descending colon of large intestine
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f) Right iliac region i) Cecum g) Hypogastric region i) Appendix, lower half of small intestines, and urinary bladder h) Left iliac region i) Sigmoid colon 7) Body Cavities a) Dorsal i) Divides cranial (brain) and vertebral cavities (spinal cord) b) Ventral cavity i) Divides thoracic and abdominopelvic (abdominal and pelvic cavities)
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This note was uploaded on 04/26/2010 for the course APK 2100C taught by Professor Siders during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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Exam 1 Material - E xam 1 Material 1) Sysstemic Method-...

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