Chapter 1 and 2 Notes - Chapter 1 & 2 Introduction and...

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Introduction and Theories of Development Case Study o Ted Kaczynski (the genius but most wanted Unabomber in America) o Alice Walker (Pulitzer Prize winner) o Why people turn out the way they do? Learning Goals o Discuss the life-span perspective of development. o Identify the most important developmental processes and periods. o Describe three key developmental issues. Why Study Life-Span Development? o You can gain insight into your own life. o You will learn about life through the adulthood. o You may be a parent or a teacher some day. o Life-span development is linked with many different areas of psychology. Definition of Development 0. The pattern of change that begins at conception and continues through the life cycle. The Historical Perspective o Original Sin - children were perceived as being basically bad, born into the world as evil beings . o Tabula Rasa - children are like a “blank tablet,” and acquire their characteristics through experience . o Innate Goodness - children are inherently good . Traditional Approach vs. Life-Span Approach 0. The traditional approach emphasizes extensive change from birth to adolescence, little or no change in adulthood, and decline in late old age. 1. The life-span approach emphasizes developmental change during adulthood as well as childhood. Characteristics of the Life-Span Perspective o Development is lifelong o Development is multidimensional o Development is multidirectional o Development is plastic o Development is multidisciplinary o Development is contextual o Development involves growth, maintenance, and regulation Some Contemporary Concerns 1. Health and Well-Being 2. Parenting 3. Education 4. Sociocultural Contexts 5. Social Policy
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Biological Processes o Involve changes in the individual’s physical nature such as: 0. Height and weight gains 1. Development of the brain 2. Changes in motor skills 3. Hormonal changes in puberty 4. Cardiovascular decline Cognitive Processes o Involve changes in the individual’s thought, intelligence, and language such as: 5. Watching a mobile swing above a crib 6. Creating a two-word sentence 7. Memorizing a poem 8. Imagining being a movie star 9. Solving a crossword puzzle Socioemotional Processes o Involve changes in the individual’s relationships with other people, changes in emotions, and changes in personality such as: 0. An infant smiling from her mother’s touch 10. A young boy hitting a playmate 11. A girl’s development of assertiveness 12. The joy of a senior prom 13. The affection of an elderly couple Periods of Development o The prenatal period o Infancy o Early childhood o Middle and late childhood o Adolescence o Early adulthood o Middle adulthood o Late adulthood Age and Happiness 6. No particular age group says they are happier or more satisfied than any other age group. Conceptions of Age
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2010 for the course PSYCHOLOGY SPC 204 taught by Professor Dr.john during the Spring '10 term at Sunway University College.

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Chapter 1 and 2 Notes - Chapter 1 & 2 Introduction and...

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