Lecture 4 Problem solving and creativty

Lecture 4 Problem solving and creativty - SPC 231 Cognition...

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SPC 231 Cognition and Perception Lecture 4: Problem Solving and Creativity Department of Psychology, School of Health and Natural Sciences Sunway University College Problems Lovett (2002), problems occur when there is an obstacle between a present state and a goal and it is not immediately obvious how to get around the obstacle. Approaches to Problem Solving Gestalt Approach Gestalt Psychologist sees problem solving as o How people represent a problem in their mind o How problem solving involve re-organisation or restructuring of their representation. There are 2 kinds of problems o Non-Insight Problems – There are steps to achieve the answer of the problem and you can predict when you are close to the answer. o Insight Problems – There are no rules or steps to achieve the problem. The answer may just appear. You can not predict when you can achieve the answer. Obstacles to problem solving o Functional fixedness – When a person knows about something, their
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Lecture 4 Problem solving and creativty - SPC 231 Cognition...

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