Final EXAM study guide

Final EXAM study guide - History 142: Final Exam Study...

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History 142: Final Exam Study Guide The final exam on Saturday, Dec. 12 (12:00 noon): 1. Drawing on Harms’s reconstruction of the Diligent’s 1731 voyage, discuss: where did slaves come from? (Who sold them, for what, and why?) If you were a slave bought for transport aboard the Diligent, was resistance possible? Cross Atlantic Slave Trade (Originates with commerce in human beings) The Diligent (1731) French ship under Capt Robert Duran Competing other companies (1 st )Portugal (2nd) Britain Second half of 18 th century – Britain participation high Companies trading slaves as a form of commercial capitalism Royal African Company (1672 formation) Easily held 1,000 slaves but MANY died on the voyage because bad conditions Dutch Dutch East India Company (1st stock issued)) Reasons for surge in slave trade? Open trade - Guinea: trade open to private traders Civil war was hard on the slave trade for places not on the coast and continued warfare made trade routes unsafe ( lowered other trade) GUNS - revolutionary when guns arrived because wars broke out between kings of neighboring lands and slaves were captives of these wars. Little trade on the coast accept slaves because slave trade blocked/ prevented nations on interior from bringing their gold Where did slaves come from? Gavan: picked up slaves here to take to west coast of Africa… Gold Coast - transitioned from gold trade to predominantly slave trade 17th century - 40 - 80,000 slaves ENTERED gold coast region via coastal ports 3 African Culture zones? WHY: needed slaves to: Serve porters Work in gold fields Agricultural labor (sugar and cotton) For WHAT did Africans sell slaves? Cloth Brandy Hardware salt (Canary Islands) GUNS (sold to rulers of Africa. ..relates to how slaves entered the trade because added to warfare) Negotiations to buy slaves from African leaders (Europeans bought and held them in "forts" (prisons) on the "Gold Coast" of West Africa (Guinea) Wait in forts until enough slaves to fill an entire ship, so ports were intermediary stages of the trade
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History 142: Final Exam Study Guide The final exam on Saturday, Dec. 12 (12:00 noon): Enslaved people included: War captives, convicts/criminals, debtors who were seized and sold, compelled by want/famine to sell comrade/relative Bocales - slaves who were not Christian nor spoke Portuguese Ladinas - converted to Christianity and understood rudiments of language (WORTH more) Mallias - stereotypical strong, accustomed to work, hard to fatigue slave (The most sought after, best type of slave) Alienation - no longer human worth but worth of labor (all rendered meaningless because now slaves) Problems DURING the voyage: Disease, dehydration, despair, attempted revolts Revolt Attempts: (highly possible) On boat: Suicide In sight of shore revolt Fast/starvation
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2010 for the course HIST 142 taught by Professor Burns during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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Final EXAM study guide - History 142: Final Exam Study...

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