Group Processes

Group Processes - Group Processes Influence in Social...

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Group Processes Influence in Social Groups
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What is a group? Two or more people who interact and are interdependent Interdependence- one person’s needs and goals influence the needs and goals of another
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What do groups do? Provide protection Share resources Provide identity Enforce social norms and social roles Social roles expectations for how particular people are supposed to behave Group cohesiveness the extent to which members of a group feel bound together
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Individual Behavior and Groups Groups have different effects on individuals depending on the environment Social facilitation Social loafing Deindividuation
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The First Social Psychology Experiment Norm Triplett (1897) Bike racers faster in competition than alone 1 st social psych experiment: children wind fishing reels as quickly as possible
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Social Facilitation -- When others are present, -- And individual performance can be evaluated, Performance is enhanced for simple tasks Performance is decreased for complex tasks Also occurs in mice and cockroaches
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Social Facilitation Why this happens: The presence of others increases physiological arousal (energy) 1. The presence of others makes us more alert 2. Evaluation apprehension 3. The presence of others is distracting
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Social Loafing When others are present, And individual performance is not evaluated, Performance is decreased for simple tasks Performance is enhanced for complex tasks Since performance cannot be evaluated, arousal does not increase
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Jackson & Williams, 1985
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2010 for the course PSYC 260 taught by Professor Traceycallison during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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Group Processes - Group Processes Influence in Social...

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