Prejudice

Prejudice - Stereotypes, Prejudice and Discrimination What...

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Stereotypes, Prejudice and Discrimination
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What is prejudice? Schema a way of organizing thoughts by grouping together traits or concepts E.g. “People who have long hair are girls.” Stereotype a schema which describes all members of a social group E.g. “Girls like to laugh and giggle, and aren’t athletic.” Prejudice An attitude towards members of a group, based on a stereotype of the group E.g. “I don’t like her because she’s a girl, and girls laugh too much and don’t play sports.”
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Prejudice continued Schemas are used as “mental shortcuts” A stereotype about a group helps us to evaluate them quickly and efficiently Problems arise when we assume all group members are the same If we assume all members of a group are the same, and treat them accordingly, we are exhibiting prejudice .
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Prejudice in Pieces Prejudice is an attitude Cognitive Apply a stereotype to a group. Assume all members of the group are described by the stereotype. Affective If the stereotype is negative, feel negatively toward all members of that group. If it is positive, feel positively. Behavioral Act coldly or defensively toward a member of a negatively- stereotyped group. Act warmly toward a member of a positively-stereotyped group.
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Discrimination The behavioral component of prejudice: unjustified negative action toward a member of a group because of his or her membership in that group Formal discrimination Not allowing members of a group access to particular opportunities Interpersonal discrimination Behaving in a cold, distant, unfriendly or uncomfortable manner toward a member of a stereotyped group
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The Effects of Stereotypes Members of stereotyped groups can begin to believe the stereotype Black children preferred white dolls Women describe themselves as less intelligent than men Asian children feel pressure to achieve perfect grades If the stereotype is negative, members of the group may suffer decreased self-esteem Fewer opportunities are available to members of stereotyped groups Women not told about science scholarships White men not informed of basketball tryouts
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Stereotype Threat Apprehension experienced by members of a group that their behavior might confirm a stereotype Stereotype threat is anxiety-provoking and distracting, causing people to perform poorly on tasks
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Prejudice - Stereotypes, Prejudice and Discrimination What...

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