DP1 Descartes

DP1 Descartes - DP1: Descartes Terms to know: a. Cartesian...

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DP1: Descartes Terms to know: a. Cartesian dualism He sees mind and body as two very distinct things. His physics explains the workings of bodily substances, that is, substances whose essence is extension. Mind, on the other hand is not extended. It is a substance whose essence is thought. These two different substances operate in totally different realms according to totally different laws. b. Methodological doubt 1. Filter away all that may be in doubt. 2. Divide difficulties to as small pieces as necessary. 3. Start with the simplest problems. 4. Make Lists, Tables, and Diagrams. c. “Cogito, ergo sum.” In considering how he knows that "I am thinking, therefore I exist" is true, he notes that there is nothing persuasive about the proposition in itself, but that he sees clearly and distinctly that it is necessarily true. d. Rationalism (Descartes likes this) Reason rather than experience is the foundation of certainty in knowledge. Opinions and actions should be based on reason and knowledge, rather than religious belief or emotional response e. (British) Empiricism (Locke likes this) asserts that knowledge arises from experience. Empiricism emphasizes the role of experience and evidence especially sensory perception, in the formation of ideas, while discounting the notion of innate ideas. f. innate ideas (locke thinks this is bullshit)
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DP1 Descartes - DP1: Descartes Terms to know: a. Cartesian...

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