{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Reading Locke (MJ-B)

Reading Locke (MJ-B) - Locke Lecture Introduction Why is...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Locke Lecture Introduction Why is Locke so difficult to read? o Four primary reasons: Locke’s writings Locke wrote much more than just the Two Treatises Hard to understand an author’s thoughts through just one text The Historical Context Idea of the Cambridge School – texts in context The text itself Not the easiest read Locke often contradicts himself o Not as much as in the First Treatise , but Locke relies to a large degree upon Scripture (and not history) to make his arguments Your edition of the text Introduction written from a political science perspective. Nothing wrong with that, but it doesn’t provide much of the historical background o What can we fix? Clarify the text Put it in proper historical context The Historical Context o The ten minute whirlwind tour of 17 th century English (NOT BRITISH!) history 1603 Elizabeth I (r. 1558-1603) dies, James VI and I (r. 1603-1625) comes to the throne Why two numbers? James VI of Scotland, James I of England Union of the Crowns, the first Stewart monarch 1625 James VI and I dies, son Charles I (r. 1625-1649) takes over 1632 Locke born o Family was minor gentry in Somerset near Bristol o Father was an attorney o Family’s religious leanings were Puritan 1639-1642 Take your pick of years – one of these is the start of the English Civil War, or the War of the Three Kingdoms o 1639: Scotland rebels at Charles I’s attempts to impose the Anglican prayer book on the Presbyterian Kirk o 1640: Parliament scoffs at Charles I’s request for money o 1641: Catholics in Ireland rebel o 1642: Parliament and the Crown come to blows 1649 Charles I executed In England, the Commonwealth is established In Scotland, Charles II is proclaimed King 1
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1652 Locke enters Christ Church, Oxford o Stays until 1667 (multiple degrees and a teacher) o In 1656 he’s admitted to Gray’s Inn as a lawyer, but he doesn’t pursue this career o Interest in medicine develops by the late 1650s o By 1665 he was amongst the most senior lecturers at Christ Church, which should have required him to be ordained, but his religious beliefs (Puritanism leaning towards Socinianism) probably stopped him 1653 Protectorate established under Oliver Cromwell Lasts until Cromwell’s death in 1658 1660 The Restoration – Charles II (r.1660-1685) brought back as King of England 1666 Locke meets Anthony Ashley Cooper, Lord Ashley and 1 st Earl of Shaftesbury Locke leaves Oxford the following year to become Shaftesbury’s physician and secretary 1678 The Popish Plot uncovered o Fictional plot to assassinate the King and place a Catholic on the throne 1680 Sir Robert Filmer’s Patriarcha first published 1681 The Exclusion Crisis o Locke’s patron, the Earl of Shaftesbury, attempts to force a bill through Parliament excluding the Duke of York (the future James VII and II) from the Crown because he is a Catholic o Locke writes the Two Treatises (probably in reverse order) o Shaftesbury arrested
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern