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Unformatted text preview: DP3: Rousseau “Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains.” Key Terms/Names: The Enlightenment- -a time of renewed humanism. People are trying to find their place in the world. -A reaction against monarchial absolutism. -Therefore, since France had such a prominent absolutism, it became the center of the enlightened world of the eighteenth century. -Different from the Renaissance because the major figures had more certainty in their approach to changing the world. They were convince that the methods for understanding nature developed by the Scientific Revolution of the 17 th century would permit them to arrive at a total comprehension of the physical universe and the workings of the human mind. -Never before or afterwards in the history of Western civilization has there been so intense a faith in the power of reason to lead to the betterment of human life, both individual and social. Diderot- (One of the leading French “philosophes”) He wrote, “We will criticize senseless laws until they are reformed.” Voltaire- He was an outspoken supporter of social reform despite strict censorship laws and harsh penalties for those who broke them. A satirical polemicist he frequently made use of his works to criticize catholic church dogma and the French institutions of his day....
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- Spring '08
- Political Philosophy, Age of Enlightenment, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, JJR, savage man time