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CHAPTER 11 - MOTIVATION is a need or desire that energizes...

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MOTIVATION is a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior. INSTINCT is a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned. DRIVE-REDUCTION THEORY is the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state that motivates an organism to satisfy the need. HOMEOSTASIS is a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level. INCENTIVE is a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior. HIERARCHY OF NEEDS are Maglow’s pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become active. GLUCOSE is the form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy for body tissues. When its level is low, we feel hungry.
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