class notes

class notes - 4-1-10 Acknowledging difference: o...

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4-1-10 Acknowledging difference: o Colorblindness vs multiculturalism Whites socialized to not think about racial differences (colorblind) b/c it’s seen as prejudice Blacks socialize to emphasize difference as preparation and protection (multiculturalism) Multicultural approach is more effective in reducing racism Reducing prejudice and discrimination o Stereotypes are resistant to change (schema) Assimilation and accommodation Subtyping: seeing people who deviate from a stereotype as an exception Subgrouping: forming a new stereotype in response to exceptions o Monitor stereotyped thinking Make a conscious effort to use more rational inductive strategies Requires conscious, deliberate attention Similar to breaking a bad habit Most important during initial phases of an encounter with member of stereotyped group b/c that is when stereotype is strongest Rebound effect lower among prejudice and/or highly internally motivated people Self-awareness and self-regulation o Without increasing both we risk slipping back into stereotyping o Can lead to discrepancy-associated consequences Feelings of guilt and criticism o Negative emotions can motivate us to heighten self-awareness and search for situational curs that may have triggered prejudicial response “Breaking the silence” o Reducing prejudice by assertively responding or by communicating displeasure in a way that is visible to the perpetrator Provides opportunity to educated perpetrator Raises awareness/reduces prejudice Reduces negative feelings within target May be avoided to minimize risk of negative judgment Allport: contact hypothesis o Intergroup contact will decrease hostilities when specific situational conditions are met Groups do not come in contact more so less of a chance to break that stereotype Wants to increase contact between the groups
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Equal social status: encounter should occur where members of each group have the same status Sustained close contact: one-on-one and extended over time Intergroup cooperation: members of both groups should engage in group activities to achieve higher goals Social norms favor equality: clear social norm that prejudice and discrimination are not condoned FRIENDSHIP POTENTUAL: developing friendships with outgroup members precipitates reductions in intergroup tension Addressing intergroup anxiety o Minority members fear victimization o Dominant group members fear being perceived as prejudice o Both groups tend to anticipate that overtures toward contact will be rejected o Protective self-presentation style Focus on not making a bad impression, instead of on making a good one Self-conscious, awkward Results in reticence interpreted as hostility Human nature and cultural diversity: Evolutionary perspective: o Human kinship o University/cross-cultural similarities Cultural Perspective: o Human diversity o
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class notes - 4-1-10 Acknowledging difference: o...

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