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Psych notes march25.2010

Psych notes march25.2010 - Social Psych Notes...

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March 25, 2010 Social Psych Notes Discrimination o Negative and/or patronizing behavior toward members of a specific group Disliking, disrespecting, and/or resenting people because of their group membership (neg. attitudes) Physical violence against people because of their group membership Failing to hire people for jobs because of their group status (unequal treatment) Institutional discrimination (above individual levels, schools treating people differently for example) Racism o Prejudice and discrimination based on a person’s racial background o 2 types of racism Overt (old-fashioned) Racism Possessing blatantly negative stereotypes based on beliefs in the racial superiority of one’s own group coupled with open opposition to racial equality Involves contemptuous prejudice (individuals look down on and view negatively members of a group) In the US, for several decades it has been on the decline, but it isn’t absent in the US Implicit Racism Unconscious activation of racial stereotypes by skin color and facial characteristics o Lighter skin / European features associated with more positive personality traits than darker skin o The darker / more African appearance, the more the individual is assumed to have stereotyped African-American traits (laziness, no worth ethic, etc.) o Those not a member of the stereotyped group but with similar facial features to people in the group are attributed those negative traits of the stereotype Found in blacks as well as whites (black and white people unconsciously activate these stereotypes) Unconscious fear and hostility towards members of the group o Whites with high implicit racism show fear / threat brain responses when shown unfamiliar black faces but not unfamiliar white faces o Priming subjects with black faces (compared with white faces) increases the likelihood that a tool will be misclassified as a gun o People require less certainty that a black man is holding a gun (compared to a white man) with intentions to shoot o Police training reduces, but doesn’t eliminate this bias Need rapid recognition to make smart decisions Anonymity reveals implicit racism o Whites are less helpful (and more punitive) towards blacks than others over the phone, but more likely to be helpful in person because the phone gives a sense of anonymity
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o Resumes with identifiable black names receive fewer interviews than the same exact resume with the only difference being a “white” name Most often people with implicit racism are likely to hold conflicting attitudes consciously (they outwardly don’t try to express their racism, but they still have it unconsciously) Aversive racism o Both positive and negative beliefs and feelings about a particular racial group Involves ambivalent prejudice Expressed as uneasiness and fear o Conflict between explicit egalitarianism and implicit racism in whites leads to avoidance of interactions with blacks to avoid awareness of prejudice
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