Lecture 8 - SOCIALSTRATIFICATION

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1 SOCIAL STRATIFICATION  • Social stratification refers to the division of people  socioeconomically into layers, or strata. When we  talk of social stratification, we draw attention to the  unequal positions occupied by individuals in  society. In the larger traditional societies and in  industrialized countries today there is stratification  in terms of wealth, property, and access to material  goods and cultural products. 
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2 Sociologists are interested in:  describing the particular pattern  of  stratification that exists in our society  (and in other societies)   explaining why inequality exists in  general and in particular types of society
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3 SOCIAL MOBILITY   In the study of  social mobility,  a distinction is  made between  intragenerational  and  intergenerational mobility.  The first of these refers to movement up or  down the social scale within an individual's  working life.  Intergenerational mobility is movement across  the generations, as when the daughter or son  from a blue-collar background becomes a  professional.  Social mobility is mostly of limited range.  Most people remain close to the level of the  family from which they came, though the  expansion of white-collar jobs in the last few  decades has provided the opportunity for  considerable short-range upward mobility. 
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4 THEORIES OF STRATIFICATION The most prominent and influential theories of  stratification are those developed by Marx and Weber.  Marx placed the primary emphasis on class, which he  saw as an objectively given characteristic of the  economic structure of society.  He saw a fundamental split between the owners of capital 
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Lecture 8 - SOCIALSTRATIFICATION

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