section_1983_flow_chart - 42U.S.C.1983 I....

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42 U.S.C. § 1983 I. Is Defendant a person under § 1983? STATE  Cannot be sued because of SI –  Will / \ MUNICIPALITY Don’t have SI ( Owen Monell ) / \ Individual Capacity Can be sued for anything  ( Hafer ) Official Capacity Can be sued for  prospective relief, but not  retroactive relief ( Ex Parte  Young / Hafer ) Individual Capacity Can be sued for anything Official Capacity This is like suing the city: it must be policy.  See below / Note: When in doubt about whether an entity like an institution  is the state, “follow the money” – if the judgment runs against  the state, it’s the state Municipal Liability 1. Is the actor a final policymaker?  Whether an actor is a policymaker is a question of state law  ( Praprotnik ) Plaintiffs try to show that the final policymaker allowed the  violation. One act by a final policymaker may constitute a policy  ( Pembaur ) 2.
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2010 for the course LAW 840 taught by Professor Tim during the Spring '10 term at University of Louisville.

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section_1983_flow_chart - 42U.S.C.1983 I....

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