Evidence version 2 - Evidence Powell Chapter1Relevancy I...

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Evidence Powell Chapter 1 – Relevancy I. General Principles o 401-403 o Rule 401. Definition of "Relevant Evidence" "Relevant evidence" means evidence having  any tendency  to  make the existence of any fact that is  of consequence  to the  determination of the action  more probable or less probable  than  it would be without the evidence.” What is the evidence? What is it offered to prove? Does it do so, and how? Any tendency- evidence doesn’t have to prove conclusively the  case Sufficiency   a brick is not a wall One only has to see if the evidence tips the scale at all o Rule 402. Relevant Evidence Generally Admissible; Irrelevant  Evidence Inadmissible All relevant evidence is admissible, except as otherwise provided  by the Constitution of the United States, by Act of Congress, by  these rules, or by other rules prescribed by the Supreme Court  pursuant to statutory authority. Evidence which is not relevant is  not admissible. o Rule 403. Exclusion of Relevant Evidence on Grounds of Prejudice,  Confusion, or Waste of Time Although relevant, evidence may be excluded if its probative value  is substantially outweighed by the danger of unfair prejudice,  confusion of the issues, or misleading the jury, or by  considerations of undue delay, waste of time, or needless  presentation of cumulative evidence. i. General Test: 1. Is the Evidence Admissible? a. Does the evidence have  any tendency  to make the  existence of  any fact  that is  of consequence  to  the determination of the action  more probable or  less probable  than it would be  without  the  evidence ? [FRE 401]  
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b. Is its probative value  substantially outweighed  by  the danger of unfair prejudice, etc? [FRE 403] ii. Two Elements: 1. Logical Relevance a. Of Consequence  (materiality- Does it relate to an  issue   in   the   case?   Look   to   the   pleadings   &  applicable substantive law) b. More or Less Probable  (probative value – is it  logically relevant? Does it have contributing value  of the existence or non existence of a fact?) 2. Legal Relevance a. Cost/Benefit analysis in 403 i. Will this evidence unfairly prejudice the  defendant? iii. Advisory Committee Notes 1. Relevancy is the relation  between  an item of evidence and  a matter properly provable in the case a. Linchpin- the articulation of the premise on which  the reasoning is based that relates the item of  evidence to the fact that is sought to be proven i. Accepted/rejected as a matter of common  human experience- common sense 2. Questions of relevance are only questions of admissibility iv.
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