SOC 505 MIDTERM REVIEW.docx - SOC 505 MIDTERM REVIEW Week 1...

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SOC 505 MIDTERM REVIEW Week 1 1.What do sports sociologist do?
describe and explain the emergence and diffusion of sport over time and across different societies;
2.When sport sociology emerged as a discipline/subfield Week 2 *Defining social theory A social theory is: discourse involving an explicit attempt to develop sets of relatively rigorously defined and compatible concepts to describe and analyze society into its elements. These include the complex, sometimes seemingly chaotic, interactions by people and institutions that, along with other social relations It also seeks to decide if they differ in their significance *Gramsciand Hegemony the ways in which dominant groups maintain intellectual and moral leadership and seek to win the consent of subordinate groups in society Juxtapose “a nation that loves sports cannot revolt” with The whole capitalist class profits by a system that keeps workers excitedly interested in trivial matters remote from true concerns . . . The brain-numbing narcotic of the sporting page is perhaps more deadly to the average worker than the more active poison of the editorial page * Macro vs. micro perspectives about the sport and social worlds Microsociolgy is still relatively new and this research, looking at the self and the formation of identities via sport is still very much a new (well, new-ish) thing. The text talks about masculinity and the performative aspect of these sorts of dynamics –
hockey culture for example teaches a kind of masculinity that is strong and not particularly expressive – a sort of stoic approach. We see that in the way hockey players, especially Canadian and US players, tend to act in interviews. It’s all ‘ya know’ and clichés. This kind of masculinity is also rooted in social class and racialized. Players of colour and non-North American born players were socialized differently, with different attitudes, particularly with regard to showing emotion off the ice and the kinds of celebrations they’ll have on the ice. Conversely looking at a league like the NFL, where touchdown celebrations were intentionally penalized until this year could be viewed as a mechanism of control for their players, the majority of whom are African American. This will be explored a bit further on critical race theory.

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