Political Parties - 2/23/2010 Political Parties Questions...

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2/23/2010 1 Political Parties Questions What makes America’s Political Party system unique? What are the main features of the U.S. Party system? What are political parties? Definition: “Groups of like -minded individuals that organize around particular issues and try to influence the government by winning office” Different from interest groups.
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2/23/2010 2 The Two Party System U.S. has always had a variant of the two party system. Starts with the Federalists and Anti-federalists -- Whigs v. Democratic-Republicans -- Democrats v. Republicans since 1850 Why two party system? 1. The electoral system Duverger’s law : Single member-simple plurality Two party system Ex) Dutch General Election 2006 Why two party system? 2) Other electoral laws 3) Presidential public funding 4) Historical and cultural explanations - The “Dualist” theory - Social consensus theory
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2/23/2010 3 Third Parties? Usually organized around one issue. ex) The Republican party May have affected election outcomes. ex) George Wallace in 1968
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2010 for the course GOV 310L taught by Professor Kieth during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Political Parties - 2/23/2010 Political Parties Questions...

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