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2010SpringA_[Compatibility_Mode][1] - Organic Chemistry...

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1 Organic Chemistry: Introduction Organic” – until mid 1800’s referred to compounds from living sources (mineral sources were “inorganic”) Wöhler in 1828 showed that urea, an organic compound, could be made from a minerals (NH 4 ) + (OCN) - C O H 2 N NH 2 ammonium cyanate urea Heat 1 The study of the compounds of carbon. Over 10 million compounds have been identified. About 1000 new ones are identified each day! Organic Chemistry: Introduction Today, organic compounds are those based on carbon structures d i h i t t di th i and organic chemistry studies their structures and reactions Includes biological molecules, drugs, solvents, dyes Does not include metal salts and materials (inorganic) Does not include materials of large repeating molecules without sequences (polymers) 2 Lipitor Zocor tumor-specific carbohydrate antigens O HO HO AcHN O O HO OH AcHN OH CO 2 H O O HO AcHN O HO HO OH AcHN OH CO 2 H O HO HO OH HO O HO OH OH (Hypercholesterolemia) Nexium (GRED, gastric ulcers)
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