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CTVA 309. Film as Literature: ReadingsDr. John SchultheissDepartment of Cinema and Television Arts[email protected]NOTE: Consult course syllabus for the Readings assigned for the current semester.Table of Contents1.Nihilism2.Naturalism3.ExistentialismThe Existential Ernest Hemingway & Albert Camus “World,” “Hero,” “Code”Existentialism Chart(3A) Existentialism Exercise (Term Paper Assignment)4.The Novel/Film of “Destiny” and “Erosion”: Two Strains of Sensibility5.The Limping Hero6.The Grotesque7.Themes and Patterns in the Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway8.Ernest Hemingway and the “Tough-Guy” Writers [Anthology of “Hard-Boiled––Tough Style” Examples]9.Existential Motifs in the Film Noir10. Woody Allen’s Commencement to Graduates11. “The Myth of Sisyphus” by Albert Camus12. “Hills Like White Elephants” by Ernest Hemingway13. “Pen, Pencil and Poison: A Study in Green” by Oscar Wilde14. Two Dramatic Monologuesby Robert Browning:“Porphyria’s Lover” and “My Last Duchess”15. “A Clean, Well-Lighted Place” by Ernest Hemingway16. “Soldier’s Home” by Ernest Hemingway17. “Film as Literature: The Bitch Goddess and the Blacklist” by John Schultheiss~~~THE FOLLOWING ARE “THOUGHT SYSTEMS” relevant to making both the creative processand the critical process comprehensible in analytical terms:Reading #1: NIHILISMNIHILISMis the belief that all values are baseless and that nothing can be known or communicated. It isoften associated with extreme pessimism and a radical skepticism that condemns existence. A true nihilistwould believe in nothing, have no loyalties, and no purpose other than, perhaps, an impulse to destroy.While few philosophers would claim to be nihilists, nihilism is most often associated with FriedrichNietzsche who argued that its corrosive effects would eventually destroy all moral, religious, andmetaphysical convictions and precipitate the greatest crisis in human history. In the 20thcentury, nihilisticthemes––epistemological failure, value destruction, and cosmic purposelessness––have preoccupied artists,
social critics, and philosophers. Mid-century, for example, the existentialistshelped popularize tenets ofnihilism in their attempts to blunt its destructive potential. By the end of the century, existential despair as aresponse to nihilism gave way to an attitude of indifference, often associated with anti-foundationalism.Reading #2: NATURALISMIN ITS SIMPLEST SENSE NATURALISMis the application of the principles of scientific determinism tofiction. The fundamental view of man which the naturalist takes is of an animal in the natural world,responding to environmental forces and internal stresses and drives, over none of which he has eithercontrol or full knowledge. It tends to differ from REALISM, not in its attempt to be accurate in the portrayalof its materials but in the selection and organization of those materials, selecting not the commonplace but