CTVA 309 Readings Packet - CTVA 309 Film as Literature Readings Dr John Schultheiss Department of Cinema and Television Arts

CTVA 309 Readings Packet - CTVA 309 Film as Literature...

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CTVA 309. Film as Literature: Readings Dr. John Schultheiss Department of Cinema and Television Arts [email protected] NOTE: Consult course syllabus for the Readings assigned for the current semester. Table of Contents 1. Nihilism 2. Naturalism 3. Existentialism The Existential Ernest Hemingway & Albert Camus “World,” “Hero,” “Code” Existentialism Chart (3A) Existentialism Exercise (Term Paper Assignment) 4. The Novel/Film of “Destiny” and “Erosion”: Two Strains of Sensibility 5. The Limping Hero 6. The Grotesque 7. Themes and Patterns in the Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway 8. Ernest Hemingway and the “Tough-Guy” Writers [Anthology of “Hard- Boiled––Tough Style” Examples] 9. Existential Motifs in the Film Noir 10. Woody Allen’s Commencement to Graduates 11. “The Myth of Sisyphus” by Albert Camus 12. “Hills Like White Elephants” by Ernest Hemingway 13. “Pen, Pencil and Poison: A Study in Green” by Oscar Wilde 14. Two Dramatic Monologues by Robert Browning: “Porphyria’s Lover” and “My Last Duchess” 15. “A Clean, Well-Lighted Place” by Ernest Hemingway 16. “Soldier’s Home” by Ernest Hemingway 17. “Film as Literature: The Bitch Goddess and the Blacklist” by John Schultheiss ~ ~ ~ THE FOLLOWING ARE “THOUGHT SYSTEMS” relevant to making both the creative process and the critical process comprehensible in analytical terms: Reading #1: NIHILISM NIHILISM is the belief that all values are baseless and that nothing can be known or communicated. It is often associated with extreme pessimism and a radical skepticism that condemns existence. A true nihilist would believe in nothing, have no loyalties, and no purpose other than, perhaps, an impulse to destroy. While few philosophers would claim to be nihilists, nihilism is most often associated with Friedrich Nietzsche who argued that its corrosive effects would eventually destroy all moral, religious, and metaphysical convictions and precipitate the greatest crisis in human history. In the 20 th century, nihilistic themes––epistemological failure, value destruction, and cosmic purposelessness––have preoccupied artists,
social critics, and philosophers. Mid-century, for example, the existentialists helped popularize tenets of nihilism in their attempts to blunt its destructive potential. By the end of the century, existential despair as a response to nihilism gave way to an attitude of indifference, often associated with anti-foundationalism. Reading #2: NATURALISM IN ITS SIMPLEST SENSE NATURALISM is the application of the principles of scientific determinism to fiction. The fundamental view of man which the naturalist takes is of an animal in the natural world, responding to environmental forces and internal stresses and drives, over none of which he has either control or full knowledge. It tends to differ from REALISM, not in its attempt to be accurate in the portrayal of its materials but in the selection and organization of those materials, selecting not the commonplace but

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