the ministers black veil research paper

the ministers black veil research paper - Murdock 1 Zak...

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Murdock 1 Zak Murdock Mrs. Jacobs Honors Eng. 11 7 March 2007 Psychoanalytical Criticism and Hawthorne’s “The Minister’s Black Veil” The human mind is an intricate and extensive map that many people have been trying to understand for a number of years. The understanding of the human mind has been incorporated into all behavior of one’s life. Psychologists and psychiatrists around the world have been studying the way the human mind reacts to all types of literature. Not only have they studied the way the human mind reacts to literature, but they have also studied the mind of the author and the author’s characters. The study of a person or author’s mind can be classified as psychoanalysis. The use of psychoanalysis to explain the literary work of an author is widely utilized in psychological criticism, and can be applied in depth to Nathaniel Hawthorne’s short fiction, “The Minister’s Black Veil.” Psychoanalysis is defined as the method of psychological therapy originated by Sigmund Freud in which free association, dream interpretation, and analysis of resistance and transference are used to explore repressed or unconscious impulses, anxieties, and internal conflicts, in order to free psychic energy for mature love and work (Cuddon 184). Psychoanalysis has been used to treat and understand the minds of many different people for a number of years. Although it is not one of the first methods ever introduced it surpasses most of the others. (Boeree). The use of psychoanalysis to understand ones mind is usually to lighten some difficulty, such as unhappiness in love or work, instability in mood or self-esteem, or disconcerting personality traits. Psychoanalysis views such symptoms as related to unconscious mental processes. Because these mental processes are not made aware to the individual, the only way to eliminate
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Murdock 2 them is by psychological means (Dryden 34). By studying these mental processes scientists like Sigmund Freud have come to better understand the human mind. Sigmund Freud’s idea of psychoanalysis deals with both the conscious and unconscious mind. The conscious mind is what an individual is aware of where as the unconscious mind is a mental process in which the individual has no awareness. Although Sigmund Freud did not completely formulate the theory of the conscious mind against the unconscious mind, he was widely known for promoting it (Boeree). Freud used his ideas of conscious versus unconscious to develop psychoanalysis and to understand the human mind. According to Freud, the unconscious part of one’s mind is the very basis for one’s motivations, whether these motivations are merely wishes for food or pleasure, fixated compulsions, or the motives of an author (Boeree). By studying the unconscious mind through psychoanalysis Freud has
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2010 for the course PHYSICS 213 taught by Professor Padamsee during the Spring '10 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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the ministers black veil research paper - Murdock 1 Zak...

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