EVOLUTION FALL 09- - Murdock 1 Zak Murdock BioEE 2070 Fall 2009 8 October 2009 Intellectual and Moral Power of Evolution The debate over how life

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Murdock 1 Zak Murdock BioEE 2070 Fall 2009 8 October 2009 Intellectual and Moral Power of Evolution The debate over how life began on Earth is a never-ending one to say the least. The formation of life is one of the major controversies in the scientific world. There are a number of different theories attempting to explain how life began. However, the two most widely known theories of the formation of life include evolution and creationism. Scientists and religious figures have been debating this topic for a number of years. Although there is not one solely correct theory to explain the formation of life on earth, evolution seems to indeed be a significantly solid one. The theory of evolution is the belief that all life evolved from prokaryotic bacteria that was present on earth three to four billion years ago. Through time, the bacteria grew and evolved into numerous different organisms, which now serve as common ancestors to all life on earth today. Now, the similarities between organisms suggest that all known species are descended from a common ancestor through the process of evolution. Evolution is fueled by Charles Darwin’s theory of natural selection, which states that only the fittest individuals survive thus allowing for adaptations to be made and the next generation having advantages in the environment. Through natural selection individuals evolved and new species formed.
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Murdock 2 Charles Darwin changed the way many human beings view the world they live in. His theories, particularly natural selection, led to the theory of evolution becoming accepted by numerous members of the scientific community, as well as the general public. Today natural selection is regarded as the base mechanism in evolution. Two of Darwin’s famous works include, On the Orgin of Species and The Descent of Man . Darwin’s On the Orgin of Species , recognizes natural selection as the prevailing scientific explanation for the great diversity in nature, where as Darwin studies human evolution and sexual selection in The Descent of Man . Upon reading, specifically The Descent of Man, there are a couple of questions the reader is left with in regards to Darwin’s conclusions, such as how could evolution paired with natural selection provide human beings with such profound intellectual power in which they possess today. However, evolution has not only provided humans with intellectual power, but through time and the process of natural selection humans have been also provided with the ability of extending moral kindness to those well beyond immediate family and other groups. Throughout The Descent of Man, Darwin, for the most part, not only accomplishes answering the questions raised in his conclusions, but he also provides sufficient evidence to back up his debatable statements. Natural Selection and the Evolution of Humans
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2010 for the course PHYSICS 213 taught by Professor Padamsee during the Spring '10 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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EVOLUTION FALL 09- - Murdock 1 Zak Murdock BioEE 2070 Fall 2009 8 October 2009 Intellectual and Moral Power of Evolution The debate over how life

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