clas 340b quiz2 review - Mycenae Grave Circles 1650-1450 BC...

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Unformatted text preview: Mycenae Grave Circles 1650-1450 BC o Circle A Discovered by Schliemann in 19 th c Incorporated into citadel from outside when wall extended in 13 th c. Surrounded by wall of double ring of limestone blocks with rubble b/w them and capped by flat slabs Richer funerary gifts than circle B Gold masks covered faces with individual features possibly portraits Niello dagger: small dagger with war scene; funerary purpose, not meant to be functional; niello technique from Syria 19 people total; 2-5 men/women/children in each of the 6 shaft graves o Circle B Discovered in 1952 Surrounded by wall of only rough stones 24 graves, 14 were shaft graves o Mostly cist graves (shallow rectangle lines with 4 stone slabs and a 5 th for lid) or shaft graves (rectangular but much deeper with pebble floor, walls of rubble masonry, and plank roof some distance below surface of earth) o Marked by upright rectangular limestone blocks called stele Tholos tomb o Specially build domed chamber may represent the vault of heaven over open graves o No grave goods found o Three main parts: Dromos (passageway) Stomion (doorway) Thalamos (main chamber) o Treasure of Atreus provides best-preserved example sequence of 9 tholoi built on a hill corridor to interior made of lintel blocks with relieving triangle above to relieve some of the weight of the structure Corbelled dome Painted Plaster Head of a Female o Near life-size Tarzan Fresco o from Pylos o totally Mycenaean in nature/characteristics o scenes of the hunt and of humans in combat...
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clas 340b quiz2 review - Mycenae Grave Circles 1650-1450 BC...

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