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a19 - there are four atoms attached to the central carbon...

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In the case of methane , the three 2p orbitals of the carbon atom are combined with its 2s orbital to form four new orbitals called " sp 3 " hybrid orbitals. The name is simply a tally of all the orbitals that were blended together to form these new hybrid orbitals. Four hybrid orbitals were required since
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Unformatted text preview: there are four atoms attached to the central carbon atom. These new orbitals will have an energy slightly above the 2s orbital and below the 2p orbitals as shown in the following illustration. Notice that no change occurred with the 1s orbital....
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