History Study Guide - World War I and the Crisis of Western...

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4/13/2010 World War I and the Crisis of Western Civilization, 1914-1918 Keywords/themes: Understand the long- and short-term causes of World War I Long Term : Nationalism, militarism, imperialism, alliance system Short Term: Archduke Franz Ferdinand’s assassination; Russia mobilizing troops Triple Entente/Triple Alliance: Triple Entente Great Britain, France, & Russia; “Allied Powers”; Italy joined in 1915 Triple Alliance Germany, Austria-Hungary “Central Powers” Schleiffen Plan: Written in 1914, Germany’s plan promised a quick invasion of France by marching through Belgium (violating Belgium’s declared neutrality). Plan nearly succeeded Western Front: Came from Schlieffen Plan’s failure; In Belgium & Northern France Total war” “Remember Belgium” ; Recruiting posters, French anti-German propaganda Shell shock: Condition that summarized industrialized war, came from stagnant trench warfare (No one knew what shell shock was or how to deal with it) “Cult of the offensive” : refers to a strategic military dilemma, where leaders
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