Chapter 9 - Chapter 9 acetyl CoA: Acetyl coenzyme A; the...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 9 acetyl CoA : Acetyl coenzyme A; the entry compound for the citric acid cycle in cellular respiration, formed from a fragment of pyruvate attached to a coenzyme. aerobic respiration : A catabolic pathway that consumes oxygen (O2) and organic molecules, producing ATP. This is the most efficient catabolic pathway and is carried out in most eukaryotic cells and many prokaryotic organisms. alcohol fermentation : Glycolysis followed by the conversion of pyruvate to carbon dioxide and ethyl alcohol. anabolic pathway : bolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a complex molecule from simpler compounds. anaerobic respiration : The use of inorganic molecules other than oxygen to accept electrons at the “downhill” end of electron transport chains. ATP synthase : A complex of several membrane proteins that provide a port through which protons diffuse. This complex functions in chemiosmosis with adjacent electron transport chains, using the energy of a hydrogen ion (proton) concentration gradient to make ATP. ATP synthases are found in the inner mitochondrial membrane of eukaryotic
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 2

Chapter 9 - Chapter 9 acetyl CoA: Acetyl coenzyme A; the...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online