lit.hum - S.Sinem Esen 9379 Lit212 Midterm Paper Q2...

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S.Sinem Esen 9379 Lit212 – Midterm Paper, Q2 Describe how Marquis de Sade’s Justine and Emile Zola’s Thérèse Raquin deal with “sexuality,” “passion,” “libidinal energy,” and “pleasure.” Please interpret both novels from the perspective of gender. The two novels Justine by Marquis de Sade and Thérése Raquin by Emile Zola are based on different stories with different themes. Justine is about the adventures of a young orphan girl who had seen a lot of unfortunate events and could not do anything but pray more. Thérése Raquin is a story based on an adopted woman, who is made to marry with her step cousin and falls in love with another man. Like in the stories, also the to writers differ in dealing with sexuality, passion, libidinal energy and pleasure. Their perspectives of gender become more distinctive on their main woman character where at the point of environmental pressure they unite. To begin with covering gender, it is the wide set of characteristics that are seen to distinguish between male and female entities, rather than one's biological sex, regarding to social roles or gender identites. “ The socially constructed roles, behaviors, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women. 1 The two main characters of the books Justine and Thérése are women who are both dependent on men with a sexist prospect. Espically Justine is a girl who is exposed to a lot sexual violence by men and might be seen as a voiceless female where Thérése is also silenced until she marries with Laurent, before that she did not have a right to say anything. Marquis de Sade is a French noble and philosophy writer and he is also considered as an erotic writer because of his pronografic stories where Sadism comes from his thoughts given under his name. He is a moral pornographer; his work is not same as a typical pornography, it does more than create sexual pleasure for the readers, criticising the current relations between genders. In Justine, unrestraining morals, laws and religious factors he writes on extreme freedom leading to 1 "What do we mean by "sex" and "gender"?" World Health Organization . Retrieved 30.03.2010
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indecency, arguing that the pleasure is the most important fact. The novel includes erotic and philosophical touches with a discourse on pornography with sexual fantasies with an emphasis on violence and criminality. He interprets his views from the two characters Justine and Juliette. There exists fundamental differences between men and women, women's thoughts are not important and they are seen as victims of sexual pleasures of men. Both Justine and Juliette exists only in terms of their relationships to males but differ in their characteristic properties. Madame de Lorsange, at the time called Juliette, whose mind and character were to all
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2010 for the course CULTURAL S Lit212 Hum taught by Professor Hulyaadak,denizceylan during the Spring '10 term at Sabancı University.

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lit.hum - S.Sinem Esen 9379 Lit212 Midterm Paper Q2...

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