Sexually Transmitted Infections PGI QUILALA JORGE JOHN III P.
OUTLINE • Definition of STIs • Transmission • Types of infection: • Bacterial (Chlamydia, LGV, Gonorrhea, Syphilis) • Viral (HSV, Hepatitis B, HIV, HPV) • Parasitic (Pubic lice, scabies, trichomoniasis) • Prevention • Testing
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) • Infections that are most commonly passed through sexual contact: • Oral • Vaginal • Anal • Skin-to-skin
TRANSMISSION • In order for transmission to occur, it is necessary to have: • A body fluid with the germ in it • A way of spreading the germ from one person to another
BODY FLUIDS: considered infectious • Semen • Vaginal fluid • Blood • Fluid in sores or blisters • Saliva • Tears • Sweat • Urine • Ear wax
METHODS OF TRANSMISSION: Low Risk or No Risk Abstaining Hugging Kissing Holding hands Dancing Sitting on toilets Sharing lip balm Mutual monogamy Massage Sharing forks, knives, etc.
METHODS OF TRANSMISSION: High Risk Sexual Intercourse vaginal anal oral Blood-to-blood contact Sharing needles or other drug-use equipment Tattoo or body piercing Infected mother to her baby
Bacterial vs. Viral STIs • Bacterial STI’s include Chlamydia, LGV, gonorrhea & syphilis • Can be treated and cured with antibiotics • Untreated infection can cause PID, infertility, & epididymitis • Viral STI’s include HPV, HIV, Herpes, & Hepatitis B • There is NO cure • Medication available to treat symptoms only • Can pass onto others for the rest of your life
Chlamydia • The most common bacterial STI •
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- Summer '19
- Sexual intercourse, Human sexual behavior, Oral sex, Sexually transmitted diseases and infections