Hist 373 notes 2-22-10

Hist 373 notes 2-22-10 - 2/22/10 Why the losses? Resort...

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2/22/10 Why the losses? Resort towns refused to cooperate, especially turning off lights No convoy system Rationale Slow boats versus The Queen Mary German submarine skill German submarines 116 subs 12 on Atlantic Calamitous losses in the North Atlantic, 1939-1943 Arctic Route: Weather: storms, ice (boats were often completely covered in ice), snow, fog (limited visibility, cold, strong waves and winds Mines (the Germans had these areas filled with mines) German bases in Norway and Finland (didn’t have to fly very far to get to the convoys) Convoy indiscipline (boats would get out of line) Lumbering pace of the slowest (the whole convoy couldn’t go any faster than the slowest boat) Safer routes through Iran and Siberia Stalin’s insistence of Arctic Route because that’s where principle front was or so he thought PQ 17, June 1942 23 of 34 lost (German submarines had a field day but there wasn’t much we could do) Greenland Gap: “Torpedo Junction” SC 122/HX 229, March 3-5, 1943 22 of 90 lost Along the route there were areas where air protection was no longer available Germans attacked the convoy with 42 submarines We eventually struggled through to get to Iceland
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2010 for the course HIST 373 taught by Professor Lotchkin during the Spring '07 term at UNC.

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Hist 373 notes 2-22-10 - 2/22/10 Why the losses? Resort...

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