Pam's note 100708

Pam's note 100708 - drugs, definition, and pharmacology...

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Unformatted text preview: drugs, definition, and pharmacology 07/10/2008 21:32:00 Definition: • Drugs: any chemical agent that affects an organism • Psychotropic: drug effect on mood and behavior Drug Nomenclature: • Chemical structure, used by chemist • Nonproprietary (generic) ex: chlordiazepoxide o Given when a drug has demonstrated therapeutic use • Proprietary (trade name) o Given when a drug is patented by a drug company. Ex: Librium (some think it’s better formulated than generic) ← Drug Classification • Prescription and non-prescription • Legal & illegal (medical use-legal) • Schedule: I, II, III, IV, V • Behavioral classification ← ← Drug Schedule Classification • Began with Controlled Substances Act (1970) • 5 schedules created • determination of which drugs are on which schedule made by department of justice (DEA & FBI) & the department of health and human services (FDA) • Classification decisions made on criteria of potential for abuse, accepted medical use in the USA and potential for dependence SCHEDULE I o Illegal, no medical use and highly addictive. High abuse potential. Ex: heroin, marijuana, LSD, peyote, mescaline, psilocybin, and MDMA (ecstasy) SCHEDULE II o Drugs- high abuse potential with severe psychological or physical dependence opiode drugs, amphetamines, or methamphetamine- as single active ingredient or combination. Ex: opium, morphine, codeine, methadone (dolophine), meperidine (Demorol), cocaine, oxycodon (Percodon), amphetamines (Benzedrine, Dexedrine, adderall), methamphetamine (desoxyn), methylphenidate (Ritalin) SCHEDULE III o Less abuse potential Contains limited quantities of certain narcotic drugs and non narcotic drugs such as derivatives of barbiturates except those listed in another schedule, buprenorphine (subutex), aronabino ( marinol ), hydrocodone (vicodine), ketamine (ketalar) SCHEDULE IV o barbital, Phenobarbital, meprobamate (Equanil, Milton), diazepam (Valium), Lotazepam (Activan), chlorozepoxide (Libruim) SCHEDULE V o antitussive (codeine) o antidiarrheal (diphenoxylate-Lomotine) o without prescription Behavioral Classification Stimulants Caffeine, nicotine, cocaine, meth Opiates Analgesic, morphine, Demorol Sedative, hypnotics Alcohol, diazepam (Valium) Anti-psychotics Haloperidol (Haldol) Anti-depressants Fluoxetine (Prozac) Psychadelics Hallucinogens, Lysergic Acid (LSD), psilocybin, marijuana PHARMACOLOGY • def: study of the interaction of chemical reagents with living organisms • toxicology- study of harmful effects of drugs • Pharmacotherapeutics- study of diagnostic/therapeutic effects of drugs • Pharmacokinetics : study of the factor which determine amount of drug at sites of actions...
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2010 for the course PSYCH PSYCH 179 taught by Professor Koob during the Fall '09 term at UCSD.

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Pam's note 100708 - drugs, definition, and pharmacology...

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