Pam's note 101608

Pam's note 101608 - drugs, definition, and pharmacology...

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drugs, definition, and pharmacology 15:13 Definition: Drugs: any chemical agent that affects an organism Psychotropic: drug effect on mood and behavior Drug Nomenclature: Chemical structure, used by chemist Nonproprietary (generic) ex: chlordiazepoxide o Given when a drug has demonstrated therapeutic use Proprietary (trade name) o Given when a drug is patented by a drug company. Ex: Librium (some  think it’s better formulated than generic) Drug Classification Prescription and non-prescription Schedule: I, II, III, IV, V Behavioral classification Drug Schedule Classification Began with Controlled Substances Act (1970) 5 schedules created determination of which drugs are on which schedule made by department of  justice (DEA & FBI) & the department of health and human services (FDA)
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Classification decisions made on criteria of potential for abuse, accepted  medical use in the USA and potential for dependence SCHEDULE I o Illegal, no medical use and highly addictive. High abuse potential. Ex: heroin, marijuana, LSD, peyote, mescaline, psilocybin, and MDMA  (ecstasy) SCHEDULE II o Drugs- high abuse potential with severe psychological or physical  dependence opiode drugs, amphetamines, or methamphetamine- as single active  ingredient or combination. Ex: opium, morphine, codeine, methadone  (dolophine), meperidine (Demorol), cocaine, oxycodon (Percodon),  amphetamines (Benzedrine, Dexedrine, adderall), methamphetamine  (desoxyn), methylphenidate  (Ritalin) SCHEDULE III o Less abuse potential Contains limited quantities of certain narcotic drugs and non  narcotic drugs such as derivatives of barbiturates except those listed in  another schedule, buprenorphine (subutex), aronabino ( marinol ),  hydrocodone (vicodine), ketamine (ketalar) SCHEDULE IV o barbital, Phenobarbital, meprobamate (Equanil, Milton), diazepam  (Valium), Lotazepam (Activan), chlorozepoxide (Libruim) SCHEDULE V o antitussive (codeine) o antidiarrheal (diphenoxylate-Lomotine) o without prescription Behavioral Classification  Stimulants Caffeine, nicotine, cocaine, meth Opiates Analgesic, morphine, Demorol Sedative, hypnotics Alcohol, diazepam (Valium) Anti-psychotics Haloperidol (Haldol)
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Anti-depressants  Fluoxetine (Prozac) Psychadelics Hallucinogens, Lysergic Acid (LSD),  psilocybin, marijuana PHARMACOLOGY     def: study of the interaction of chemical reagents with living organisms toxicology- study of harmful effects of drugs Pharmacotherapeutics- study of diagnostic/therapeutic effects of drugs Pharmacokinetics : study of the factor which determine amount of drug at  sites of actions Pharmacodynamics
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2010 for the course PSYCH PSYCH 179 taught by Professor Koob during the Fall '09 term at UCSD.

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Pam's note 101608 - drugs, definition, and pharmacology...

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