29-langintro - Language I Language I What is language? What...

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Unformatted text preview: Language I Language I What is language? What is language? Overview Overview What is language? Properties of language Rules and structure: levels of analysis Why is language processing hard Structure of language Language and communication Context and Content Overview Overview What is language? Properties of language Rules and structure: levels of analysis Why is language processing hard Structure of language Language and communication Context and Content Human language Human language You and I belong to a species with a remarkable ability: we can shape events in each others brains with exquisite precision That ability is language. Simply by making noises with our mouths, we can reliably cause precise new combinations of ideas to arise in each others minds Steven Pinker, The Language Instinct Human language Human language When a male octopus spots a female, his normally grayish body suddenly becomes striped. He swims above the female and begins caressing her with seven of his arms. If she allows this, he will quickly reach toward her and slip his eighth arm into her breathing tube. A series of sperm packets move slowly through a groove in his arm, Fnally to slip into the mantle cavity of the female. Steven Pinker, The Language Instinct What is language? What is language? (Clark & Clark, 1977) (Clark & Clark, 1977) Communicative Convey information between individuals Symbolic Arbitrary sound meaning relationships Structured Discrete words whose order matters...
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29-langintro - Language I Language I What is language? What...

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