33-animals - Language V Language V Animal language Animal...

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Unformatted text preview: Language V Language V Animal language Animal language The language instinct The language instinct • Language is a uniquely human … Instinct : we are predisposed to learn Ability : only humans learn language • The Language Acquisition Device Used to learn grammatical rules Innate constraints on learning • Animals can’t use language … Can Can ’ ’ t or don t or don ’ ’ t? t? • Could they learn language if taught? Washoe Washoe Koko Koko Kanzi Kanzi Overview Overview • If they can learn, why don’t they? Neural basis of communication • Can we teach animals language? Methods and results • What can animal “language” tell us? How are humans different? Overview Overview • If they can learn, why don’t they? Neural basis of communication • Can we teach animals language? Methods and results • What can animal “language” tell us? How are humans different? If they can, why don If they can, why don ’ ’ t they? t they? • Cultural evolution of language? Animals not exposed to grammar BUT : children learn grammar w/o exposure AND : isn’t there evolutionary pressure to use language? • Maybe they do learn language? Rudimentary language in social interaction Supported by same neural structures … explore the similarities Language in the brain Language in the brain • Language activates left hemisphere L R Cabeza & Nyburg (2000) Lateralization in animals...
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2010 for the course PSYCH 85 211 taught by Professor Theissen during the Spring '10 term at Carnegie Mellon.

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33-animals - Language V Language V Animal language Animal...

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