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Traditions paper - Sophie Dinkin Education 3013 Traditions...

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Sophie Dinkin Education 3013 3/3/07 Traditions Paper There are many different traditions of education, including the Humanist, Social Efficiency, Developmental, Progressive, Social Meliorist, Critical, and Radical. These traditions represent a broad spectrum of approaches to instruction, pedagogy, curriculum and subject matter content. Different societal groups for various reasons and various beliefs support these traditions. The Humanist curriculum of education follows more of a “traditional libereal arts” program focusing on liberal content and the development of reasoning. It embraces Western Anglo cultural heritage. Education from the Humanist's point of view is a process by which the student gains the skills and knowledge to be an "informed and rational citizen of Western Culture." (Kliebard,107) According to DeMarrais and LeCompte, the Humanist curriculum emphasizes "traditional liberal arts", such as, foreign languages, literature, music, philosophy, history, religion, and performing arts. "Humanists believe that the purpose of schooling is to develop the intellect by transmitting a core of the finest elements of western heritage to all members of society." (DeMarrais and LeCompte, 231) E.D. Hirsch an author who follows the Humanist movement for school reform, believes that focusing on teaching a common core of six subjects; languages, mathematics, literature, sciences, history and the arts, in the best possible ways is the best
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way to prepare students for life. I think that the problem with this is that certain subjects get neglected such as European history; the subjects emphasize only an Anglo-American cultural heritage. This emphasis also reflects the functionalist ideas that a consensus of what should be taught in schools does exists and that the purpose of schooling is to transmit this knowledge from generation to the next. The Humanist emphasizes a core curriculum where all students develop intellectual skills through the study of important historical documents and literature. Supporters tend to have more democratic ideas and views and work in more creative job areas such as the arts. A traditional humanist would argue for more emphasis in visual and performing arts; those concerned with global economy would focus in science and math. Progressivism is a curriculum favoring or advocating progress, change and improvement as opposed to whishing to maintain things as they are. Hirsch believes that the imprudent ideas of progressive education are responsible for the bad academic schooling of the poor, partly because it prevents uniformity of subject matter. It embraces industrial training and postulates the idea where children learn best in experiences there they have a vital interest. Progressive classrooms recognize the individual differences of students and reorganizes classrooms based on the students levels of learning.
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