There are many different traditions of education, including the Humanist, Social
Efficiency, Developmental, Progressive, Social Meliorist, Critical, and Radical. These
traditions represent a broad spectrum of approaches to instruction, pedagogy, curriculum
and subject matter content. Different societal groups for various reasons and various
beliefs support these traditions.
The Humanist curriculum of education follows more of a “traditional libereal arts”
program focusing on liberal content and the development of reasoning. It embraces
Western Anglo cultural heritage. Education from the Humanist's point of view is a
process by which the student gains the skills and knowledge to be an "informed and
rational citizen of Western Culture." (Kliebard,107) According to DeMarrais and
LeCompte, the Humanist curriculum emphasizes "traditional liberal arts", such as,
foreign languages, literature, music, philosophy, history, religion, and performing arts.
"Humanists believe that the purpose of schooling is to develop the intellect by
transmitting a core of the finest elements of western heritage to all members of society."
(DeMarrais and LeCompte, 231)
E.D. Hirsch an author who follows the Humanist movement for school
reform, believes that focusing on teaching a common core of six subjects; languages,
mathematics, literature, sciences, history and the arts, in the best possible ways is the best