Second Great Awakening and Utopian Movement

Second Great Awakening and Utopian Movement - Second Great...

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Second Great Awakening and Utopian Movement 2 nd Great Awakening - 1790s to 1820s this movement began in Conn in 1790s and spread over much of the rest of the country over the next 30 years Causes – frontier settlement, remember the folks of the backcountry that hadn’t seen any preachers, there is still a lack of churches in the area So during this movement, Easterners are going to send missionaries to the frontier 2 nd reason – religion declined during the Revolution, people likely still had faith (not renouncing their religions) but not regular church attendance and church membership dropped people were just focused on other, more pressing things So, like the 1 st great awakening, revivals take the form of huge camp meetings, huge groups of ppl gathered in open air camps for up to a week to hear preachers Typically claimed that the Second Coming of Jesus was at hand and the need for repentance was now IMPACT - 1. Church attendance up from 40% to 75% of the population 2. sense of religious liberty and democracy in churches (somewhat of an openness to new religious ideas emerges) 3. considerable cooperation among accepted denominations 4. majority of the new church members were women 5. stimulated reform movements also stimulated NEW DENOMINATIONS ---more tame denom like Churches of Christ and Disciples of Christ founded by Barton Stone and Alexander Campbell founded at this time,
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have some rituals that others consider questionable, but on the whole fairly accepted by society ---Shakers are going to emerge during the 1790s. derived their name from a convulsive religious dance, Supported community building Shaker furniture (simple and strong) Leader was Mother Ann, who insisted that followers abstain from all sexual intercourse, believed that the end of the world was near, and that in the Second Coming, Jesus would take the form of a woman- her the religion is slowly dying off. @ 6,000 at height of the religion, only a handful left today ---Millerites William Miller was their leader. Based on figures from the Bible, he calculated that Jesus would return in 1843, as the date got closer he narrowed specified March 21, 1843 to March 21, 1844 Big surprise, Jesus didn’t show up. This actually called the Great Disappointment. A lot of ppl bought into this, upwards of 50,000. After Jesus didn’t show, a lot of people returned to their previous denom. Some became 7 th Day Adventists or Unitarians. So while these are sounding outlandish, keep in mind that during this period of time a lot of ppl are open to some new religious ideas. ---unitarians (that a lot of millerites become) – reject the doctrine of the Trinity, believe in God, but no necessarily the divinity of Jesus the Harvard Divinity School was distinctly Unitarian in its formation; and in early 19 th century, all churches in Boston, except one, had Unitarian preachers eventually they adopt more of an accepting doctrine that there is more than one road to spiritual enlightenment,
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2010 for the course HIST 2300 taught by Professor Gaines during the Fall '08 term at Texas Tech.

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Second Great Awakening and Utopian Movement - Second Great...

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