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FIGHTING COMMUNISM AT HOMEThe Red Scare and McCarthyism Part I
The Red Scare : HysteriaPeople were searching for somebody to blame for the rise of the Soviet Union , and many were drawn to the suggestion of a communist conspiracy among the American nation.State and local governments, the judiciary, schools and universities, labor unions – all sought to rid themselves of real or imagined subversives – the fear of being a suspected communist was real
House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)In search of an issue to attack the Democratic party with, the Republican-controlled Congress established the House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) with the goal to prove that the government under Democratic rule had tolerated communismHUAC was created to investigate treachery and subversive associations.
•1947 investigation led to prison sentences for contempt known as the Hollywood Ten.•Blacklisted:a list of persons who are under suspicion, disfavor, or censure, or who are not to be hired, served, or otherwise accepted.•1947 investigation led to prison sentences for contempt known as the Hollywood Ten.•Blacklisted:a list of persons who are under suspicion, disfavor, or censure, or who are not to be hired, served, or otherwise accepted.H O U S E C O M M I T T E E F O R U N - A
“Hollywood Ten”The movie industry was the first to be attacked by HUAC, claiming that communists had broke into Hollywood & polluted America with propaganda.Herbert Biberman, Martin Popper, Robert W. Kenny, Albert Maltz, Lester Cole, Dalton Trumbo, John Howard Lawson, Alvah Bessie, Samuel Ornitz, Ring Lardner Jr., Edward Dmytryk, Adrian Scott.
Writers and producers were called to testify and when some refused to answer questions about their own political views, they were jailed