Review _9 - Review #9 Chapters 40 51 Physiology and...

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Review #9 – Chapters 40 – 51 Physiology and Embryology 1. Which o f the following is required in ALL living things in order for gas exchange to occur? a. Lungs b. Gills c. Moist membranes d. Blood e. Lymph 2. In animals, all of the following are associated with embryonic development EXCEPT a. Gastrulation b. Cleavage c. Depolarization d. Organogenesis e. Cell migration 3. Which of the following is most likely to result in a release of epinephrine (adrenaline) from the adrenal gland? a. Falling asleep in front of the TV b. Watching a golf tournament c. Doing yoga d. Taking a test without having studied for it e. Being in the kitchen while dinner is being cooked 4. Oxygen is transported in human blood by which type of cell? a. Erythrocytes b. Leukocytes c. Phagocytes d. B cells e. Platelets 5. The proximal tubules in the kidney reabsorb most of which of the following compounds? a. H+ b. Proteins c. H 2 O d. HCO 3 - e. C 6 H 12 O 6 6. Salivary amylase, an enzyme secreted in saliva, begins the breakdown of which substance? a. Starches b. Proteins c. Lipids d. Nucleic acids e. Polypeptides Questions 7 – 11 Matching a. ovary b. thyroid gland c. posterior pituitary gland d. adrenal medulla e. anterior pituitary gland 7. Releases hormones that raise blood glucose level, increase metabolic activities, and constrict blood vessels
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8. Releases at least six different hormones, including several tropic hormones 9. Releases hormones that stimulate the mammary gland cells and contraction of the uterus 10. Releases hormones that stimulate growth of the uterine lining and promote the development of female secondary sex characteristics 11. Releases hormones that stimulate and maintain metabolic processes 12. Blood constitutes which of the following tissue types? a. epithelial tissue b. connective tissue c. nervous tissue d. vascular tissue e. glandular tissue 13. The three types of muscle in the body are a. Skeletal, cardiac, and smooth b. Skeletal, vascular, and smooth c. Skeletal, cardiac, and rough d. Skeletal, cardiac, and striated e. Skeletal, vascular, and smooth 14. Which of the following is an example of negative feedback? a. The movement of sodium across a membrane through a transport protein and the movement of potassium in the opposite direction through the same transport b. The pressure of the baby’s head against the uterine wall during childbirth stimulates uterine contractions, which causes greater pressure against the uterine wall, which produces still more contractions c. The growth of a population of bacteria in a Petri dish until it has used all its nutrients and its subsequent decline d. A heating system in which the heat is turned off when the temperature exceeds a certain point and is turned on when the temperature falls below a certain point e. The progress of a chemical reaction until equilibrium is reached and then cycling back and forth of reactant to product 15. Which of the following mechanisms does NOT help prevent the gastric juice from digesting
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Review _9 - Review #9 Chapters 40 51 Physiology and...

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