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Unformatted text preview: Unit V I I I 2. It was the strength of the opposition forces, both liberal and conservative, rather than the ineptitude and stubbornness of President Wilson that led to the Senate defeat of the T reaty of Versailles. Assess the validity with specific reference to events from 1917 to 1921. Strength of the opposition forces, both liberal and conservative: Henry Cabot Lodge initially bottles the treaty up in the Foreign Relations Committee Irreconcilables led by Hiram Johnson, Robert La Follette, William Borah, against Reservationists led by Lodge, want changes o esp against Article 10 pledges each nation to preserve independence and territorial integrity to all other members which means the Congress is stripped the right to declare war Ineptitude and stubbornness of President Wilson: Wilson You cannot dissect the Covenant from the treaty without destroying the whole vital structure Only took one Republican along to Versailles Instructs Democrats to vote against revised treaty (a knife thrust at the heart of the treaty) Conclusion: I would lean more toward it being Wilsons fault since the irreconcilables could have been defeated if the amendments had been accepted. 7. To what extent did the United States achieve the objectives that led it to enter the First World War? Objectives going in: International system of democracy and capitalism would be impossible if Germany dominated the world Create a peace without victory Shape the peace Achievements:...
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- Spring '10