Chapter 7-pgs 213-221

Chapter 7-pgs 213-221 - A.P. US Mods 6/7/8 Notes for pgs....

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A.P. US Artem Kholodenko Mods 6/7/8 0109 Notes for pgs. 213 – 221 National Justice and the Bill   of Rights Judiciary Act of 1789 The Bill of Rights The Amendments Chisholm v. Georgia Hylton v. Ware 11     th     Amendment     - The constitution just let the congress establish the federal courts,  but it never said how they would operate - In 1789 each state made a unique system of judicial procedures  suited for each state - The congress could have limited the power of the judges - When it was passed it created a federal-court system; a district  court was established in every state; the Supreme Court had final  jurisdiction - There was still a fear that a strong central government would lead  to tyranny and that the best defense was the strengthened power  of the states - Madison fought a lot to keep the constitutional opponents from  undermining the government power - He drafted the 10 amendments that became the Bill of Rights - He said that the 1 st  8 amendments just guarantee the protection  of the liberties of the people and not strip power away from the  government - 1 st : religion, speech, press, political activity - 2 nd : each state could form its own citizen militia - 3 rd : protected citizens from tyrannical standing armies - 4 th -8 th : police powers of the state guaranteed to the individuals fair  treatment in legal and judicial proceedings - 9 th -10 th : reserved power for the people or states not given to the  federal government under the constitution - The bill was passes rapidly and in federal judiciary established its  authority in 1793 in  Chisholm v. Georgia  that a state could be  sued in federal courts by non-residents - In 1796 the court declared the right to determine constitutionality  of congress statues in  Hylton v. Ware , but the decision was  overturned because the government thought that it was enough  during the Chisholm case - In 1798 it was ratified and it revised Article III, Section 2, so that  private citizens could no longer undermine states’ financial  autonomy by using federal courts to sue another state’s  government in civil cases and claim money from that state’s  treasury - With the 11-th amendment, the government accepted the fact that  concentrated central power could threaten local interests - Madison suddenly shifted from nationalist to critic if excessive 
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Madison Shifts Ideas National Economic Policy   and Its Consequences Hamilton and His Objectives Report on the Public Credit Federal Stock federal power in 1790-1791 - Hamilton demonstrated that federal policies could be shaped to  reward special interests - Washington tried to concentrate on military affairs and Hamilton 
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2010 for the course BIOLOGY BIOLOGy taught by Professor Hued during the Spring '10 term at Eastern Oregon.

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Chapter 7-pgs 213-221 - A.P. US Mods 6/7/8 Notes for pgs....

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