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Jeremy Bentham - For Bentham the community is simply the...

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Jeremy Bentham (1748 – 1832) From: An Introduction to the Principles of Morals & Legislation (1789) Intrinsic good vs. instrumental good What does Bentham hold to be intrinsically good? What does Bentham equate with this (see Part III) Bentham’s moral psychology (where his principle comes from). His goal (in terms of a system) What does Bentham mean by “utility” (see Part III) What principle? (see Part II) How do we judge an action’s utility “Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure. It is for them alone to point out what we ought to do as well as to determine what we shall do.” How does Bentham understand a “community”
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Unformatted text preview: For Bentham, the community is simply the sum of individuals The whole is not greater than the sum of its parts From where does the idea of “ought” arise Naturalism: “ought and “shall” come from what pain and pleasure tell us to do. We are, as human beings, guided by pain and pleasure. Morality is rational analysis and judgment of pain and pleasure. (see Part X but also Part I) Can the principle be proven? Why or why not? Where do people err? (see Part XIII) How do we calculate utility (see Parts I-IV of next section) Do we need to calculate before every act? (Part VI)...
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