Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism Bentham How do we judge an...

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Utilitarianism Bentham How do we judge an action’s utility “Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure. It is for them alone to point out what we ought to do as well as to determine what we shall do.” Good and Bad Therefore, for Bentham, nothing is intrinsically good or bad It is good only if it creates pleasure and bad if it creates pain No such thing as evil for Bentham Bad actions are just miscalculations of utility How does Bentham understand a “community” For Bentham, the community is simply the sum of individuals The whole is not greater than the sum of its parts From where does the idea of “ought” arise Naturalism: “ought” and “shall” come from what pain and pleasure tell us to do. We are, as human beings, guided by pain and pleasure. Morality is rational analysis and judgment of pain and pleasure.
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Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism Bentham How do we judge an...

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