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Medieval Islamic Philosophy

Medieval Islamic Philosophy - Two things Opens the door to...

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Medieval Islamic Philosophy: 1) Avicenna ([Ibn Sina]: 980 – 1037) Persian: Neoplatonic reading of Aristotle (because of Plotinus) In Plotinus everything emanates from 1 1 is top of pyramid Avicenna sees Islamic God as the one from which all emanate Problematic because original sin would have emanated from God Our sinfulness is part of God Also borders on Pantheism Gods essence = God’s existence (for him only) All other beings’ existence relies on God’s being. God is eternal God is not free World is eternal 2) Al-Ghazali (1058 – 1111) Persian: Doesn’t like Avicenna’s views Writes Incoherence of the Philosophers Puts Theology and the Koran Before Philosophy and all else Challenges Avicenna’s notion of causation. (His view is like David Hume’s [much later]) In the universe, Nothing is necessarily connected (Al-Ghazali)
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The appearance of causation is just God’s tendency to connect events.
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Unformatted text preview: Two things: Opens the door to miracles Bad things are not connected No necessary connection of events Connection is only how God usually acts. Averroes ([Ibn Rusd] 1126-1198) Spanish: Writes: Incoherence of the Incoherence His book attacks Al-Ghazali’s book Non Platonic reading of Aristotle Puts philosophy above Theology Called “the Commentator” by Aquinas Aristotle is culmination of human reason “Double truth” Theory. Can have both philosophical truth and religious truth different from one another Does not mean that something can be both true and false Religious truth is allegorical and philosophical truth is rational and scientifically provable and demonstrable Determinist World is Eternal Humans to not live on, per se The individual soul does not live on But recognized universal truths do...
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