Thomas Aquinas

Thomas Aquinas - Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) 1)...

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Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) 1) Christianizes Aristotle Disputes Aristotle’s beliefs in: (a) eternity of the world (b) mortality of the soul. (2) Overlap of faith and reason A) Existence of God, B) God’s attributes C) soul’s immortality 3) Things known ONLY by faith/revelation (but not necessarily contrary to reason): A) Trinity B)Incarnation C) original sin D) last judgment E) Creation of the world in time 4) For Aquinas, the mid is a blank slate No innate ideas How to know God through merely “empirical” paths 6) Essence = quiddity = whatness Substantial form = what is universal to things
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(pure actuality) 7) Existence = form + matter (except for angels and God) Existence = “thatness” Angels and God do not have matter Purely form God and Angels are pure actuality However, angels are less than God Existence Is not univocal It has different meanings for different entities
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Thomas Aquinas - Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) 1)...

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