Descartes

Descartes - The “Cartesian Circle” Uses clear and...

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Rene Descartes (1596-1650) 1633 Le Monde ( 1637 Discourse on the Method 1641 Meditations on First Philosophy Mathematician Intuition + deduction (see discourse) Skepticism: Pyrrho of Elis (365-270 B.C.) Sextus Empiricus (200 A.D. –Outlines of Pyrrhonism) Michel Montaigne (1533-1592 [ Apology for Raymond Sebond ]) Hyperbolical doubt A) sense knowledge and B) a priori truths Primary and secondary qualities Secondary is describing color as red, blue, green, ect. Primary is the exact wavelength of light that causes us to see the particular colors I think, I am Argument Experience Intuition
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Performative Criterion of certainty Descartes: Part Two Causal Argument for God’s Existence. Problems with the “light of nature” Clarity and distantness of ideas. Ontological Argument God as guarantor of the truth of clear and distinct ideas.
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Unformatted text preview: The “Cartesian Circle” Uses clear and distinct ideas to prove God. Uses God to ground clear and distinct ideas. Error: Human will outpaces human reason. Error occurs when you act before you know. • Act purely deductively and you can never be deceived ♦ Only when we allow our will to acquiesce to thing before we know them clearly and distinctly to we find ourselves in error. Physical world. God as non-malevolent. Reason and the physical world Space and physical objects. Mind-Body problem: Descartes’ resolution. BODY EXYENDED MIND unextended Two types of substances in the universe • Mind and body ♦ Space and matter are the same thing ♦ Mind is completely un-extended The essence of mind is thinking ♦ Bodies are extended ♦ Animals are ‘robots’ Will vs. Intellect...
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This note was uploaded on 05/03/2010 for the course PHL 202 taught by Professor Kelley during the Spring '10 term at Bradley.

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Descartes - The “Cartesian Circle” Uses clear and...

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